21th Century’s large-
Join us, Become a Publisher.
Project Of David Pakeliani -
In this part we placed technical information about project and publication; full
information about editorial staff, sponsors and supporters; names of friends’ club
members and companies involved in this project. The book begins with blessing of
Patriarch of Georgia, after which you see foreword and aims of the publisher. Here
you can find contents that helps you to travel through the book.
The introduction part of the book is interesting because here you can read sayings of Georgian parish and public figures, scientists and researchers (The patriarchs of Georgia –St. Martyr Kirion II (Sadzaglishvili) and St. Confessor Ambrosi Khelaia, Sulkhan-
Myths and Heroic age of Abkhazia
In this part of the book general information is placed about Abkhazian folk-lore – Mythology. We meet here issues about certain deities and patron spirits; mythological scenes of hunting, gnomes, wolf birth, rainbow, god and demon, Earth, brother Narth and Abrskil.
This part of the book concerns Archeological Sites of Abkhazia. Abkhazia, like other Historical regions of Georgia is rich with Archeological point of view. Here are about 1000 archeological objects with findings of Paleolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic and Eneolithic epochs.
In this category historic features about Abkhazia are placed, ancient maps and map fragments. The most important topics about historic facts such as ethnic cleansing of Abkhazians, Abkhazians in Adjara, II World War and dates, facts (chronology) are given in this publication.
In this part of the book ethnographical works are published thematically. Different topics are reviewed separately such as: settlement forms, living and agricultural construction styles, hand and water mills, cellar, goat shed, hen house, forge house, place of worship, cattle breeding, agriculture, viticulture, agricultural tools, clothes, faith, cooking, communities and public meetings, family, exogamy, wedding, customs of mourning and funeral, etiquette and common law of Abkhazians.
Kings of “Abkhazians”
You can view brief information about reign, state policy and results of kings’ reigns in Abkhazia chronologically,– Leon II, Teodos II, Demetre II, George I, Johan Shavlian, Adarnase Shavlian, Bagrat I, Konstantine III, George II, Leon III, Demetre III, Teodos III and Bagrat Bagrationi.
In the part of the book some issues are published about Christianity and Abkhazian catholicons chronologically. You can separately view topics about: St. Ambrosi the Confessor, Catholicon-Patriarch of all Georgia (Besarion Khelaia) St. Bishop Gabriel (Kikodze) and language of worship, the Metropolitan David (Chkadua), His Holiness and Beatitude Ilia II Catholicos Patriarch of All Georgia Archbishop of Mtskheta and Tbilisi.
There is published a brief information about Georgias North-West, Abkhazian Cultural Legacy, in particular, the most important Georgian church architectures like Bedia, The Likhi, Ilory, Tskelikari and other monastery complexes and churches, as well as temporal sites, buildings, bridges and castles in this book.
Cities, Resorts and Large Settlements
In this part of the book there is published information about Cities, Resorts and Large Settlements of the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia. You can find brief information about their establishment, development and significant places. Past of Sokhumi, Gagra, Bichvinta, Gudauta, New Athon, Guliripsh, Ochamchire, Gali, Tkvarcheli and as well their sightseeing may take your attention.
Here for reader available is to read about the development of economics of Abkhazia, in particular, the basic directions and fields of economics, agriculture, Industry, Energetic, Tourism, Communications, Construction, services requiring payment and trade; separately represented themes about – transport, “Orgtechnics” JSC and Tobacco.
In this part of the book you can find information about Abkhazian Media, establishment and development of television and periodic editions, magazines and newspapers in Georgian, Abkhazian and Russian languages.
Natural Conditions and Resources
Reader finds detailed information about natural conditions and resources of Abkhazia, particularly interesting topics about: Black Sea; Black Sea capes; Inland waters: rivers, hydrological and energetic features of the rivers, lakes, mineral waters; geological structure and Tectonics – Terrain; mountains, mountain passes and glaciers; caves – worlds giant Karstic caves; Climate and weather; soil- vegetation cover and animal world; natural resources and nature; mineral resources and natural sites.
There is published information about history of education in Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia in this part of the book. Here are introduced public figures representing education-scientific centers and educational system of the middle ages in Abkhazia. Here are separately represented topics about: Sokhumi’s Society for the Extension of Literacy among the Georgians, Sokhumi State University, State University of Subtropical Agriculture of Georgia, Dimitri Gulia Abkhazian Institute of Language, Literature and History, Ilia Vekua Sokhumi Institute of Physics and Technology, Nikoloz Vavilov Abkhazian Research Centre of Genetic Fund of Plant Resources, Shota Rustaveli Sokhumi I School. The reader finds interesting issues about St. Bishop Alexander (Okropiridze), who laid the foundation for the extension of literacy among Abkhazians.
In this part of the book information about the old and new culture and cultural centers of Abkhazia is published. Here you can see issues about: Sukhumi Konstantine Gamsakhurdia State Drama Theatre, Simon Chanba Abkhazian Drama Theatre, Theater of young audience of Abkhazia; as well as musical art, composers, song conductors, old and contemporary vocalists, Abkhazian Folk Dance Ensemble, Abkhazian State Cappella and State Museum of Abkhazia.
Language and Writing
Text will be ubdated soon.
Here is represented information about painters who led their activities in Abkhazia or were born there, biography and issues about their works are published in the book: Valery Arkania, Ramin Apakidze, David Badzaghua, Nerse Batsash, Varvara Bubnova, Irma Gelantia, Denis Gonobolon, Zaur Golava, Andro Vekua, Nikoloz Tabukashvili, Odik Kukava, Alex Kvaratskhelia, Revaz Kvaratskhelia, Khuta Kvaratskhelia, Mikheil Kikvadze, Zurab Kokaia, Chola Kukuladze, Genadi Lakobia, Nugzar Mgaloblishvili, Irakli Mizrakhi, David Markozia, Givi Narmania, Papuna Papaskiri, Sandro Razmadze, Temur Skhulukhia, Alex Pangan, Guladi Patsia, Merab Pipia, Tariel Kardava, Eldar Kavshbaia, Bidzina Ghoghoberidze, Alexander Sharvashidze, Leila Shelia, Avtandil Shengelia, Valeri Chargazia, Emzar Tsirdava, Petre Tskvitaria, Manana Dzodzuashvili, Adgur Dzidzaria, Leri Chanturia, Zurab Chedia, Panteleymon Chedia, Igon Cholaria, Nana Churghulia, David Kharaishvili, Alexander(Gizo) Khubua and Valeri Jobava.
Literature and Public Figures
In this part of the book information about Georgian writers and public figures is published, particularly the biographies and creative activities of: Ilia Chavchavadze, Akaki Tsereteli, Galaktion Tabidze, Konstantine Gamsakhurdia, Giorgi Leonidze, Nodar Dumbadze, Shota Akobia, Tsiala Ardashelia, Evgeni Akubardia, Shalodia Ajinjal, Platon Bebia, Givi Beria, Khuta Gagua, Moses Gvasalia, Giorgi Gulia, Dimitri Gulia, Mariam (Putsu) Dgebuadze- Pularia, Ivan Tarba, Pazil Iskander, Geno Kalandia, Rene Kalandia, Yua Koghonia, Mikheil Lakerbaia, Mushni Lasuria, Guram Odisharia, Ivane Papaskiri, Eter Samkharadze-Jghamadze, Nodar Khundadze, Jano Janelidze, Alexander Jikia, Simon Chanba, Murman Khurtsilava and Vladimer Jologua.
Here the information about medicine, balneology and oldest people living in the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia is available. We suggest the reader biography, issues about scientific works of outstanding doctors and public figures like Sokrat Arshba, Mikheil Akhalaia, Alexander Grigolia, Shota Gogokhia, Napoleon Meskhia, Tamar (Tatusha) Kereselidze, Nikoloz Rukhadze, Simon Miminoshvili, Bidzina Mgaloblishvili, Elguja Miresashvili, Domenti Pakeliani, Tamar Jikia, Petre Japaridze and Shota Jghamadze.
In this part of the book we published issues about the development of different types of sports in the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia, particularly: football, basketball, wrestling, volleyball, horse riding, athletics, chess, spear throwing and etc. Here you can find biographies of sports’ honored figures like Vladimer Barkaia, Gocha Gogrichiani, Saida Gumba, Vitali Daraselia, Vladimer Dgebuadze, Lika(Eldar) Kurtanidze, Viktor Sanaev and Anatoli Milchenko, Giorgi Sichinava, Temur Ketsbaia, Anatoli(Giga) Norakidze, Avtandil (Basa) Ghoghoberidze, Karlo Shengelia, Niaz Dziapshipa, Yuri Dzidziguri, Rash Khutaba, Sergo Janaia, Valeri Jgerenaia, Gogita Arkania, Amiran Bitsadze, Tariel Bitsadze and etc.
Russian-Georgian Relationship in XIX-XX and at the beginning of XXI century
This part of the book concerns Russian-Georgian Relationship, here you can find brief information about Georgia’s occupation by Russia from 1801-1864, 1921 and 1991 till now. The event of 1991-1993 are especially highlighted in the book. Some authors – Jansugh Charkviani, Jano Janlidze, Geno Kalandia, Nargiza Nikoleishvili, Lali Lebanidze, Dariko Pipia, Tamaz Chiladze, Mukhran Machavariani and David Pakeliani dedicated their poems to the war of Abkhazia and events related to it.
Scientists and Public Figures
In this book biography and issues related to the activities of Abkhazian scientists and public figures are published. Here you can read about activities of Vianor Anchabadze, Zurab Anchabadze, Soso Adamia, Geno Adamia, Yuri Anua, Irakli Antelava, Irakli Akhalaia, Ivane Ajinjali, Jumber Betashvili, Khukhuti Bghajhba, Gurab Gabeskiria, Ivane Gegia, Aleko Gvaramia, Mariam (Masho) Dadiani-Anchabadze, Raul Eshba, Toma(Omar) Eshba, Dimitri (Arzakan) Emukhvari, Vova Vekua, Ilia Vekua, Nikoloz Tavdgiridze, Shalva Inal-Ipa, Shalva Kereselidze, Taras Kvaratskhelia, Ketevan Lomtatidze, Pilipe Mamporia, Lorik Marshania, Tamaz Nadareishvili, Tamar Odisharia, Tedo Jhordania, Noe Jhordania, Jemal Rapava, Smbat Saakian, Tedo Sakhokia, Giorgi Sharvashidze, Varlam Sharvashidze, Jhiuli Shartava, Leon Shervashidze, Revaz Salukvadze, Arnold Chikobava, David Chkotua, Akaki Chkhenkeli, Giorgi Dzidzaria, Petre Charaia, Otar Churghulia, Tamaz Kharbedia, Niko Janashia, Simon Janashia, Antimoz Jugheli and Valiko Jugheli.
Here you can read poems of Georgian and Abkhazian writers: Giorgi Leonidze, Shota Nishnianidze, Tariel Chanturia, Galaktion Tabidze, Jansugh Charkviani, Eter Samkharadze-Jghamadze, Giorgi Sharvashidze, Mikheil Kvlividze, Mukhran Machavariani, Alio Mirtskhulava, Elizbar Ubilava, Irakli Abashidze, Ivane Tarba, Moris Potskhishvili and Khuta Berulava. Respresented poems are mostly patriotic and reflect brotherhood, long-term relationships and love between Georgians and Abkhazians.
Juridical Status of Abkhazia
In this part of the book the reader can learn about juridical status of Abkhazia, here are laid extracts of different times from the Constitutions of the Autonomous Republic of Soviet Abkhazia, Soviet Georgia, Soviet Union, Democratic and Independent Georgia, which proves Juridical Status of Abkhazia in Georgia. Here are the photos of different times of Abkhazia represented in the book also.